South Africa is, well, obviously a country in the southern portion of the continent of Africa. This country is culturally and ethnically very diverse, with a plethora of residents who are all different cultures and speak different languages, and has 1,739 miles of coastline that borders the Indian and Atlantic Ocean. Besides this basic geographical knowledge, there is so much more to the country of South Africa than meets the eye. Here are 5 facts about South Africa that you probably didn’t know.
1) South Africa has more languages than the United States– We already knew that South America was a culturally and ethnically diverse country in Southern Africa, however, this country has 11 official languages– which is more than the US has and it is “the Melting Pot” of the world.
2) South Africa and its nuclear weapon history– South Africa is the first country to date to ever assemble nuclear weapons and then dismantle them voluntarily. Out of the nine nuclear warheads from the Cold War, South Africa is the only country to dismantle their nuclear weapons out of the 23,000 weapons that are still in existence from the Cold War.
3) You were born in South Africa– We were all born in South Africa, as it is the “Cradle to all Humankind.” Johannesburg, a 180 square-foot of South Africa was declared a World Heritage Site as archaeologists have found thousands of hominids fossils here. Archaeologists have been digging here for decades and first came along its large amount of hominid fossils in 1966.
4) South Africa approved the first human artificial blood– The country has been in high demand of blood supply because one quarter of their population’s blood contains pathogens like HIV and Hepatitis C. The artificial blood they approved was the product from Massachusetts called Hemopure. This artificial blood was made from cows and was said to extend the shelf life of blood from 6 months to two years and work as an alternative to blood transfusions. However, this artificial blood did not live up to its expectations and has been discontinued.
5) South America’s constitution declares a monarchy– Despite its democratically ran government, it actually has a monarchy that is declared and provided in South America’s constitution. There is actually a current monarch, and while he does not hold direct political power, he does have a lot of influence over the country of South America, and its democratically elected politicians.